Tuesday, October 6, 2015

TECHmunch Los Angeles, Food Bloggers Conference 2015

This Saturday, October 10th, I'll be photographing coverage of TECHmunch Los Angeles, hosted by the twice webby-nominated BakeSpace.com, founded by video producer, Babette Pepaj. The national traveling food bloggers conference will kick off all day from 9am-5pm at Cross Campus Santa Monica. I'm particularly excited to see and hear Evan Kleiman, Host of KCRW's "Good Food," talk podcasting for the Podcasting: How to Tap Into Your Community Through Storytelling panel! There will be food and drink from Mendocino Farms and more. Read the full line-up here. If you're about to buy your ticket, you can enter techcandid to receive a 15% off discount before checkout. Hope to see you there.

#GIRLBOSS Tour, Nasty Gal Santa Monica

On the first of October, I went to see an old friend Roseli, hear a Q&A with Sophia Amoruso, and catch Phases perform, all at the new Nasty Gal store on the 3rd Street Promenade, in celebration of the paperback launch of #GIRLBOSS. Roseli, who designs her own line of artisan-crafted textiles for Ilano, introduced me to a few of the other female creative founders, including Deena of Nouvella and Alicia + Natasha of Aeline, who are among the talented women building their creative businesses to receive grants this year through the #Girlboss Foundation

Monday, September 21, 2015

Built in LA | Meet LA's Fastest Growing Startups (PHOTOS)

Just recently, Built in Los Angeles hosted 15 of LA's fastest-growing tech startups that are hiring, along with startup job seekers, to meet and learn about each company's unique culture and job openings at The Wellesbourne in West LA. 

Wednesday, September 9, 2015

Vincent's Coffee Pop-up #2 | Ryozan Park Otsuka, Tokyo

In June, budding coffee entrepreneur Vincent Young followed up his coffee pop-up in May with another "third wave" coffee pop-up at Ryozan Park, this time at Otsuka and he brought Yukari Toda of ABC Coffee Club on board to barista together. I recorded Vincent, Yukari, and Rachel (one of Ryozan Park's owners), to hear about the pop-up and how it came together: Vincent shares how he left a software engineering job to pursue his passion for coffee. Yukari, who runs operations at ABC Coffee Club, a monthly craft coffee delivery startup, talks about how it works (in Japanese), and Rachel shares a story of how Vincent incubated his coffee pop-up idea at Ryozan Park, where he lives. 六月に、ビンセントがまたリョウザン・パークで第 2 回コーヒーのポップアップショップを開きました。

Saturday, September 5, 2015

Meet LA's Fastest Growing Startups | Built in Los Angeles

Next Thursday night, Sept 10th, I'll be shooting coverage at Built in LA's "Meet LA's Fastest Growing Startups" event at The Wellesbourne in West LA. From startups like Omaze to FabFitFun, the already sold-out event will showcase 15 of LA's top hiring technology startups and give prospective candidates an opportunity to meet them face-to-face and get to know their culture and open positions. I'm excited to cover the event and see you there!

Thursday, July 23, 2015

Startup Grind Tokyo | Fireside Chat with Emi Takemura Miller, Co-founder of Peatix

In June, Startup Grind Tokyo hosted a fireside chat moderated by Tamami Ushiki, Tokyo director of Startup Grind, and featuring Emi Takemura Miller, co-founder of Peatix, a global event registration platform and mobile ticketing startup that launched in Japan to give organizers "tools to create, promote, and sell out" their events. After expanding its offices to New York and Singapore 2 years ago, Peatix recently landed a $5M Series B round to grow its presence to more cities worldwide. Held inside TIP*S / 3x3 LaboEmi shared her Peatix startup journey in a conversation in Japanese with Tamami that you can listen to here. The event was originally part of #SGWomen, a global event series celebrating female founders of tech startups.

六月に、スタートアップグラインド東京が3x3 LaboでPeatixのコファウン竹村恵美さんファイヤーサイドチャットを開きました。

Friday, June 12, 2015

Women's Innovation School of Japan Forum 2015

In May, the Women's Innovation School of Japan held their 2nd forum in Shinagawa, Tokyo, on the topic of achieving work-life balance in Japan.  Here are candids from the forum that included opening remarks from founder, Takako Kawakita, and culminated with a speaker panel, featuring Kanya Shimoji, Tomoko Ito, Yuka Shimada of Unilever, and Mariko Miyazaki.


Sunday, May 31, 2015

PyLadies Tokyo + Javajo | Git for Beginners

Last Saturday, I documented an all-female Git for Beginners meetup co-produced by PyLadies Tokyo and Javajo for women engineers, programmers, and beginners learning to code.  Held at ALBERT's new location inside the Shinjuku Nomura Building, members from each group taught different aspects of GitHub. Afterwards, we went out together for a nomihodai, or an all-you-can-drink, and shabu-shabu dinner.

先週の土曜日に、PyLadies TokyoとJava女性部がGit for Beginnersの勉強会を開きました。数名の女性のエンジニアやプログラマー、初めての方が集まって、それぞれのグループのメンバーがGitHubの知識を教え合いました。そして、勉強会の後に一緒にしゃぶしゃぶを食べに行きました。私はそこで初めて日本の飲み放題を経験しました。

Saturday, May 16, 2015

Vincent's Coffee Pop-up | Ryozan Park

A few weeks back, Vincent, a Canadian and aspiring coffee entrepreneur I'd met at a Global Speakeasy, held a coffee pop-up event at Ryozan Park in Sugamo. After a screening of A Film About Coffee, Vincent and his friend Kevin served coffee he'd brought back from his favorite American third-wave coffee roasters from Brooklyn. Afterwards, a group of us took a tour through Ryozan Park with the founders, Rachel and Noritaka. 

三週間前ぐらいに、カナダ出身の人とコーヒー起業者になりたいビンセントがリョウザン・パークでコーヒーのポップアップショップを開きました。『A Film About Coffee』を上映した後に、ビンセントが一番好きなアメリカのサード・ウェイヴのコーヒー・ロースターから来たコーヒーをみんなに飲んでもらいました。その後、何人かがリョウザン・パークの中を設立者レーチェルさんとのりたかさん夫妻とツアーに行きました。

Sunday, March 1, 2015

Women in Technology Japan - 2015 Kickoff Dinner

Last week, I joined a Women in Technology Japan (WITJ) dinner in Roppongi to help kick-off planning for the year ahead. Made up of an international group of women, the members were all longtime residents of Tokyo, who hailed from Australia to Malaysia, and have either engineering backgrounds or hold executive roles at leading information technology or enterprise-level companies.

Before arriving in Japan, it was nearly impossible to find any tech conferences and events in Tokyo where women were visible, especially as keynote speakers. I knew they existed, as many of my female friends in Tokyo work in IT. That's when I googled "women in tech japan" and found an organization working to close that gap. 

日本に来る前にテクノロジー・イベントをインターネットで調べたけどすべて男性の顔しか 出てこなかった。その後、そのギャップを埋めたい女性のグループを見つけた。

Saturday, February 21, 2015

Global Speakeasy | Tokyo, Japan

This week, I joined a Global Speakeasy dinner hosted at the Scandinavian Center in Akasaka, Tokyo. The pop-up event series is part of an interactive platform currently being prototyped by Todd Porter, who's also helped launch TedxTokyo and the now global FabCafe. Here are a few candids from the dinner prepared by Bob, who's wearing the shirt with red maple leaves or momiji 紅葉, featuring a few words from Moomin International Kindergarten founder, Barbara Zamora Väätäjä. 

今週, 赤坂で「グローバル・スピーキージー」のディナーに行きました。この ポップアップ・イベントシリーズは 今東京でプロトタイプされている インタラクティブなプラットフォームの一部です。

Monday, November 24, 2014

REACH | Byte into the Future of Now (PHOTOS)

TechZulu and Gadget Review hosted their 4th REACH event, REACH | Byte into the Future of Now at the Tastemade Studios in Santa Monica earlier this November. In the beautifully lit demo stations set up inside the Tastemade kitchens, we were invited to grub on Garlo's Aussie pastries and Chop Daddy's sliders via DoorDash, ride electrobikes courtesy of Curbside Commuters, take step-and-repeat pics from a mobile photo booth Selfie Truck, get on-demand massages from Zeel, enjoy Mama's Boy chili-agave-pineapple-lime infusions, and...then, in true REACH fashion, Efren and Christen gave away over $6k in prizes to the wildly ecstatic winners. Here's a visual recap of how it all went down...

Monday, November 10, 2014

At the Helm: Women In Biz 2014 (PHOTOS)

At the Helm and founder, Alaia Williams, hosted the 4th annual At the Helm: Women In Biz 2014 conference this past October at General Assembly LA in Santa Monica. The day featured speakers, including Amber L. Wright, Dr. Jennifer Jones, Margalit Ward, Kelly Alexander, and Greg Hartle. There was lunch from Lemonade, followed by breakout sessions with Nidhi Lucky Handa and Julie Rose.

REACH | Byte into the Future of Now

I'm excited to shoot coverage at the next REACH | Byte into the Future of Now event coming up this Thursday, Nov. 13th at Tastemade in Santa Monica! Hosted by TechZulu and Gadget Review, there'll be tons of new gadgets to demo in the Tastemade kitchens, grub, drinks, and $6K+ in prize giveaways. Visit the event page to buy tickets (get $10 off on the TechZulu Facebook page) and follow #REACHNow for the latest updates.

Wednesday, October 15, 2014

At The Helm: Women In Biz 2014

I'm super excited to participate in the upcoming At the Helm: Women in Biz 2014 conference as a sponsor! The event will take place October 25th at General Assembly LA in Santa Monica, and will feature speakers and breakout session leaders including Amber L. WrightDr. Jennifer Jones, Kelly Alexander, At the Helm founder Alaia Williams, and Nidhi Lucky Handa.

Dinner With a Cause 2014 | Downtown Women's Center

Last Thursday, the Downtown Women's Center held their annual Dinner With a Cause at the JW Marriott L.A. Live. The event honored longtime CEO Lisa Watson and successfully raised over $800,000 for their programs to end homelessness and poverty among women on Los Angeles' Skid Row.

Sunday, October 5, 2014

Social 25 Honoree Party | Social Media Week LA

In September, What's Trending and Tubefilter presented their 3rd Annual Social Media Week Los Angeles "Social 25" honoree party in honor of social media's top 25 influencers. Here are highlights from my photo coverage of the event, produced by 30 Miles North and @KurtyD at 800MAIN, and featuring music by Templeton, Slim Chillers, blowtorched s'mores and donuts by Fill r Up, and more.

Thursday, August 21, 2014

Photographing coverage in Downtown Los Angeles today for Karlin Ventures.

Wednesday, August 20, 2014

Girls in Tech LA | Summer Sip 2014

Girls in Tech LA hosted a Summer Sip mixer this August at General Assembly Los Angeles in Santa Monica. Here are a few highlights, including old-fashioned cocktail Jell-O shots by Ludlows Cocktail Co. (by co-founder of Coolhaus, Freya Estreller), raw superfood truffles by GoodBites, and a raffle giveaway from Belkin and Honest Company

Thursday, August 14, 2014

#TechLA Summer Jam 2014 (PHOTOS)

Leading LA startup incubator, Be Great Partners, hosted their #TechLA Summer Jam 2014 at the historic Mack Sennett Studios in Silverlake. Here are photo highlights from the day-long conference, featuring speaker panels, #BeGreatCup startup competition, and after-party.

Wednesday, July 16, 2014

Be Great #TechLA Summer Jam 2014 Tomorrow

Image via Be Great Partners
I'm excited to photograph coverage of tomorrow's #TechLA Summer Jam 2014, hosted by Los Angeles startup incubator, Be Great Partners. The conference will take place at LA landmark, Mack Sennett Studios, has 1500+ attendees signed up to hear 35 speakers from 500 Startups, Two Bit Circus, Pritzker Group, RYOT and others, plus 50 startups will compete for this year's Be Great Cup. To sign up and read the full event details, go to Be Great's event page here. Looking forward to seeing you there.

Saturday, July 12, 2014

Be Great L.A. Women in Tech Night Out (PHOTOS)

Host, Nanxi Liu, CEO of Enplug (top right) with L.A. Women in Tech Night Out attendees.

Los Angeles startup incubator, Be Great Partners and Enplug CEO, Nanxi Liu, hosted an L.A. Women in Tech Night Out this past Wednesday at the Sofitel in Beverly Hills. Here are photo highlights from the packed event. With an impressive turnout, the event attracted a diverse group of both men and women to meet one another, enjoy some delicious mojitos, and talk tech and startups.

Monday, June 30, 2014

REACH | The Wearable Future (PHOTOS)

Last Thursday night, TechZulu and Gadget Review hosted REACH | The Wearable Future, or #REACHWearables, at Cross Campus' new location in Santa Monica. 

Here are highlights, including a showcase of wearable tech by Muse, Melon, OwnPhones, TouchT, PetBot and others, as well as up-and-coming startups like Postmates delivery service and the world's first 3D pen, CreoPopLA Times' tech reporter Andrea Chang led a panel with speakers including ShotTracker's Davyeon Ross, the Calbi Truck gave out free tacos, and TZ and GR gave away over $4K in prizes.

Thursday, June 26, 2014

REACH | The Wearable Future Tonight

I'll be photographing TechZulu and Gadget Review's REACH | The Wearable Future event tonight at Cross Campus in Santa Monica. LA Times tech reporter, Andrea Chang, will lead a speaker panel from 7:30pm featuring Ben Bateman of Indiegogo, Anna Jen the director of new ventures at Epson, Todd Harple of Intel's new devices group, and Davyeon Ross, co-founder of ShotTracker

A mixer will follow the panel from 8:35pm, and there will be free tacos from The Calbi Truck and over $4K in tech gadget giveaways. 

Tuesday, June 24, 2014

Be Great At Sea 2014 (PHOTOS)

L.A. tech startup incubator, Be Great Partners, hosted their Be Great At Sea startup yacht party last week with 300 startups and entrepreneurs aboard Marina del Rey's largest private yacht, the FantaSea One.

Wednesday, June 18, 2014

Be Great At Sea: #LATech Startup Yacht Extravaganza

Image via Be Great Partners
I'm super excited to photograph tonight at Be Great At Sea, a mega startup yacht party in Marina Del Rey, hosted by startup incubator and accelerator, Be Great Partners.  The event will bring together 300 LA startups and entrepreneurs, with a host committee of startups including MeUndies, Enplug, BioBeats, DogVacay, TaskUs, Surf Air and others. For details, go here. Stay tuned, I'll be sharing photos here on Tech/Candid.

Monday, May 12, 2014

Be Great Partners Spring Social

LA-based startup accelerator and incubator, Be Great Partners, behind startups like change.org, Enplug, and MeUndies, held their LA Startups Spring Social atop the Roof on Wilshire, just two blocks away from the Be Great office and coworking labs. Set poolside, surrounded by a 360 degree view of the city, the event brought together a happy crowd of tech startup founders, entrepreneurs and investors.

Wednesday, March 19, 2014

REACH 2 / TechZulu 6 Year Anniversary

We had a blast. Here are photos I shot up on TechZulu's Facebook page, plus the video produced by Gabriel Soufo above, featuring interviews with REACH hosts Efren Toscano, founder of TechZulu, and Gadget Review founder Christen da Costa.

Wednesday, February 26, 2014

REACH 2 + TechZulu 6 Year Anniversary Tomorrow

TechZulu and Gadget Review tomorrow as they host and celebrate their 2nd REACH event and TechZulu's 6 Year Anniversary at Dave & Busters' new LA location in Westchester. REACH will feature panels on cleantech, gaming, wearables and more, and the lineup will include keynote Cody Simms of startup accelerator, Techstars, plus speakers from Two Bit Circus, Indiegogo, Wearable World, and UCLA Institute for Innovation among others. We're excited to participate as a sponsor. See more photos from the last REACH event here and register here to attend. Hope to see you tomorrow!

Sunday, January 12, 2014

Founder Friday Los Angeles 2014

Tina Hay founder of startup CardBlanc

On Friday, founder Tina Hay spoke at the Women 2.0 Founder Friday Los Angeles event at the Regus. In an intimate group, Tina shared her experiences as a real-life founder of her startup CardBlanc, a secure and free virtual debit card app now in early-access beta, addressing topics including the most important thing to focus on when you're developing a minimum viable product (MVP), challenges of raising funding, how to protect your startup in its early stages, the pros of hiring good people and cons of hiring based on price, and other lessons and common pitfalls to avoid when starting up.

Thursday, January 9, 2014

Women In Tech Network - 2014 Planning Sessions

Women In Tech Network 2014 planning sessions
The Women In Tech Network (WITN) kicked off its 2014 planning sessions this week. The planning meeting, hosted by Freeman, Freeman & Smiley and sponsored by Elance, brought together female tech startup founders, entrepreneurs, and professionals across diverse industries, from entertainment, media, finance, law, gastronomy, fashion, and tech to public relations, to produce and organize a series of Angel Investor and VC panel events aimed at connecting more female startup founders with funding, which are slated to take place this Spring and Summer.   

Monday, December 16, 2013

Digital Family Reunion 2013

Digital Family Reunion 2013 at Skirball Cultural Center

On Wednesday night, the Digital Family Reunion held their 6th annual holiday party at the Skirball Cultural Center in Los Angeles, and celebrated the inaugural socalTECH 50, a list of emerging "up-and-comers" in the Southern California tech ecosystem, boasting founders from some of the heaviest-hitting startups our region has to offer.

Tuesday, December 3, 2013

Techweek LA 2013

Techweek LA 2013

Chicago-based Techweek kicked off their very first Techweek LA event recently in a large industrial conference space called L3 inside the Santa Monica Place. The two-day conference featured a number of speaker panels, a LAUNCH competition with 50 startups, an expo and hiring fair, and culminated with a much-anticipated fashion tech runway show, followed by an after-party at 41 Ocean right by Santa Monica beach.

Monday, December 2, 2013

Karma Rescue Hackathon

Next weekend, Purina One and GOOD are collaborating with Karma Rescue, an animal rescue nonprofit focused on saving at-risk dogs from "high kill" LA dog shelters, and AngelHack to host a hackathon to brainstorm, prototype, and redesign the Karma Rescue website so it can be easier for adopting pets, reaching new supporters and building their community. 

Wednesday, November 20, 2013

LA Tech Summit (PHOTOS)

Late last week, the LA Tech Summit, hosted by global human resources software-as-a-service technology company Cornerstone OnDemand at the Fairmont in Santa Monica, kicked off with Cornerstone's founder and CEO, Adam Miller, sitting down for a fireside chat with Mayor Eric Garcetti to talk about the future of Los Angeles tech. 

Wednesday, November 13, 2013

Tomorrow: LA Tech Summit, Santa Monica

Image via LA Tech Summit
The LA Tech Summit will take place tomorrow at the Fairmont Miramar in Santa Monica, and it will feature a lineup of digital leaders, many homegrown and from the Bay Area, that will kick off with a fireside chat with LA mayor, Eric Garcetti.

Thursday, November 7, 2013

Coming Up: Techweek LA Nov. 21-22, Women in Tech + Fashion-Tech Runway Show

I'll be covering Techweek LA Nov. 21-22 at L3. I'm happy to see so many female founders + women in tech lined up to speak on a wide range of topics, from fashiontech to gaming to the future of media.

Friday, October 25, 2013

Digital LA Startup Fashion Show

Last Friday, Digital LA held a Fall 2013 startup fashion show at Cross Campus in Santa Monica. I captured highlights from the catwalk, which featured new fall designs from local LA startups, including costumes and sports clothing designer, ShapeShifterZ, featured above.

Thursday, October 24, 2013

REACH by TechZulu & GadgetReview (SLIDESHOW)

Here's the full set of photos from TechZulu and Gadget Review's #REACHgames event we sponsored. Highlights included a gaming panel, free tacos from the Calbi Truck, and tons of giveaways and prizes. Check out photos here and here, or press play to watch the slideshow above.

Wednesday, October 9, 2013

REACH by TechZulu & Gadget Review - Disruptive Technologies Impacting the Future of Gaming

We're super excited to be doing official event photography for TechZulu & Gadget Review's upcoming REACH | Disruptive Technologies Impacting the Future of Gaming at Cross Campus on Thursday, October 24th at 7pm.

REACH is a quarterly event series diving into what's coming next in tech and giving you the opportunity to experience gadgets first-hand. The event will bring together gaming tech enthusiasts, influencers, creators, and developers to discuss the next evolution of gaming. Sign up and view the full event details. We'll share photos here on Tech/Candid, so stay tuned.

Thursday, September 19, 2013

PER® Conferences 2013

This summer, I photographed two full-day conferences for Physicians' Education Resource®, LLC (PER®), the 12th Annual International Congress on the Future of Breast Cancer® and the 14th Annual International Lung Cancer Congress® at the Hyatt Regency Huntington Beach. Coverage highlights included speaker panels and Q&A, faculty headshots, participants mingling, the Sixth Annual Addario Foundation Keynote Lecture by Tony S.K. Mok, and the 2013 "Giants of Cancer Care" reception to honor pioneers making landmark achievements in oncology. 

Tuesday, June 25, 2013

Silicon Beach Fest 2013 (Photos)

Silicon Beach Fest just wrapped over the weekend. Here are some highlights from events I attended last week, including the Digital Women Luncheon, opening party, fashion tech panels, and the Women Developers panel.

Tuesday, June 18, 2013

Silicon Beach Fest Starts Tomorrow

I'll be covering Silicon Beach Fest, which starts tomorrow Wednesday, June 19th and goes through Saturday, the 22nd, in different locations in Santa Monica. For details, visit their website and view their full schedule and speakers. Find additional updates on their Facebook and on Twitter @SBFestLA and follow event hashtag #SBF. This is my first Silicon Beach Fest. Hope to catch you there!

Sunday, June 2, 2013

LegalTech West Coast 2013

Therese Miller, Of Counsel, Shook, Hardy & Bacon (right).

I recently shot the LegalTech West Coast 2013 conference, an ALM event, for the Los Angeles-based video production and content marketing agency, 4WT Media. Here are a few shots from the conference, including keynote by D. Casey Flaherty, Corporate Counsel for Kia Motors, speaker panels, and a Cisco code of conduct discussion with Law Technology News Editor-in-Chief, Monica Bay.

Renegade Women's Conference 2013

Gracious hosts, Donna Queza (left) and Nailah Blades (right) with speaker, Dr. Danielle Dowling (center).

On April 12th, I had an exciting opportunity to shoot the Renegade Women's Conference as an official sponsor. The inspiring all-women business conference, co-organized by the gracious business coaching duo, Donna + Nailah, brought together diverse women entrepreneurs and business owners of all levels to hear from phenomenal speakers and panelists, including Escape from Cubicle Nation author Pamela Slim, the soulful relationship expert and life coach Dr. Danielle Dowling, and Emmy award-winning Natalie MacNeil founder of She Takes on the World.

Wednesday, May 1, 2013

Built In LA's First Digital Leaders Event

Built In LA, an online community, platform and resource for Los Angeles startups, entrepreneurs, and innovators, held their inaugural Digital Leaders Event last Wednesday. 

Sponsored by New World Ventures (a member of The Pritzker Group), William Blair, Cooley, Silicon Valley Bank, Sure Payroll, 4WT Media, and Enplug, Built In LA launched the first in an event series which will bring together entrepreneurs, founders, incubators, universities, studios, and investors from the LA startup community, and take place quarterly.

Wednesday, April 3, 2013

Wednesday, March 6, 2013

Startup World Los Angeles

Host, Hermione Way from The Next Web and Louise Hart of Steady On Productions

Startup World
, a global competition held in 20 cities worldwide, made their second-stop in Los Angeles. Hosted by The Next Web's Hermione WayStartup World Los Angeles featured pitches from 10 Los Angeles semi-finalist startups including CreatorUpStagedomArtKive, ValarmLawKickAlumniFunderBitiumEnplug, Teachmeo, and Realty Mogul.

Monday, March 4, 2013

Thursday, February 28, 2013

TechZulu + Digital LA's Black + Red Bash Tonight

We are incredibly excited to be a sponsor for tonight's TechZulu and Digital LA's Black and Red 5 Year Anniversary Bash! Check out the event details and get your free ticket hereStay tuned, we'll be sharing photos from the evening here on the blog and our Facebook page. See you tonight!

Sunday, February 24, 2013

"Meet Our Candidates" LA Mayoral Forum

The Laurel Canyon Association hosted a "Meet Our Candidates" mayoral forum on Friday with all key candidates for Los Angeles mayor: Eric Garcetti, Jan Perry, Kevin James, and Wendy Greuel.

Moderated by KNBC 4 news anchor, Robert Kovacik, the event kicked off with a presentation by Paul Edelman, Deputy Director of the Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy, on the Laurel Canyon Wildlife Corridor, followed by candidate pitches for LA City Attorney, Controller, and School Board, before it opened up for the mayoral forum.